A motorcycle isn’t the same as a moped. It’s essential to know where mopeds can travel before you think about getting one.
Motorcycles are motor vehicles, whilst mopeds are two, three or four-wheeled vehicles that, in no case, should exceed 50cc and are not considered motor vehicles.
The maximum speed limit for a moped is 45 kilometres per hour, and they must not travel side by side with other vehicles using the same hard shoulder. This regulation does not apply to two-wheeled mopeds. In such cases, these vehicles may travel side by side provided that said hard shoulder is wide enough and passable.
These 50cc vehicles must travel on the right-hand side and as close to the pavement as possible. On road sections they must travel on the hard shoulder just like pedestrians, animals, animal-drawn vehicles, cyclists, mopeds, tractors, mobility vehicles, and vehicles suffering a breakdown or emergency.
In large cities such as Madrid, they are exempt from the limitations set by Madrid City Council when pollutions levels are high.
Mopeds are not allowed to travel on the M-30 in Madrid for road safety reasons as it is mostly a motorway. This regulation follows the traffic code issued by the Directorate General of Traffic (DGT) which bans mopeds from travelling on motorways and dual carriageways.
However, motorcycles with cylinders exceeding 50cc must travel on the roadway, not the hard shoulder, on the M-30. The hard shoulder may only be used in the event of breakdowns or when additional lanes are opened due to works on the carriageway or traffic flow.
Unlike mopeds, they may travel on motorways and dual carriageways and must observe the speed limit indicated on road signs. Similarly, there are also restrictions on lorries and heavy vehicles when travelling on this road.
Under the new action plans which will come into force in Madrid after the summer, motorcycles will also be subject to relevant restrictions in line with their environmental labels when pollution levels are high, unlike mopeds which are still exempt from such restrictions.
The new DGT regulations also include restrictions on districts away from the M-30 and extend, from four to five, the level of traffic restrictions on vehicles based on different scenarios and their level of emissions:
It is important to be aware of other regulations that must be followed when riding a moped so as to avoid risks and not put other road users in danger:
Knowing these driving regulations and tips are extremely important when driving a moped in Madrid, as is being aware of the restrictions on other types of vehicles such as any subsequent anti-pollution measures which may be put in place.